History of Plateau

The Granada Plateau  or Altiplano is located about 40 minutes to the northwest of the capital city surrounded by the mountain range La Sagra, Cazorla and Baza. It is a vast landscape of wide plains, fertile fields and dry riverbeds, which carve the terrain highlighting the particular characteristics of this area. A lonely mountain, called Cerro de Jabalcón, from where one can experience the immensity of the landscape, governs the centre of the Altiplano. The reservoir of El Negratín lies at the feet of the mountain like a calm, blue shadow with dramatic, red embankments, carpets of pine trees and freshwater beaches.

 The basin was formed millions of years ago by the constant accumulation of waters from the surrounding mountains. Even today, geological prints of the enormous lake the covered the Altiplano, can be found. Through the years, the continuous gathering of sediments almost filled up the basin, leaving only a shallow layer of water, which eventually found its way out 45.000 million years ago; The Guadalquivir River, the longest in Spain, drained the lake in it’s thirst for ributaries. Dramatic erosion of the terrain followed - creating valleys, dry riverbeds and isolated flatlands, forming the landscape that today we know as the Altiplano.

 Despite the deserted high-plains, the richness of the soil around the banks of the Guadiana Menor River attracted the first settlers in the area flocking in what later on became the towns like Freila, Zújar and Bácor. These towns have witnessed the migration and colonization of the several cultures that inhabited the Altiplano. Remainders of their presence can be found in the shape traditional cave-houses, the ruins of Freila’s castle or in the archaeological museums of the area.

Arucema  |   Camino Cortijo del Cura s/n  |   Freila, Granada 18812  |   660735928 - 639690613  |   info@arucema.com

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